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Amillennialism Articles

Scriptures: This Age vs The Age to Come

Two-Age Eschaton chart

Strong’s Concordance
165. aión ►

aión: a space of time, an age
Original Word: αἰών, ῶνος, ὁ
Usage: an age, a cycle (of time), especially of the present age as contrasted with the future age, and of one of a series of ages stretching to infinity.

Scripture referring to “this age” only

Matthew 13:22

He also that received seed among the thorns is he that hears the word; and the care of this world (aión), and the deceitfulness of riches, choke the word, and he becometh unfruitful.

GRK: μέριμνα τοῦ αἰῶνος καὶ ἡ
NAS: and the worry of the world and the deceitfulness
KJV: of this world, and
INT: care the age and the

Matthew 24:3

And as he sat upon the mount of Olives, the disciples came unto him privately, saying, Tell us, when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world (aión)?

GRK: συντελείας τοῦ αἰῶνος
NAS: and of the end of the age?
KJV: and of the end of the world?
INT: the completion of the age

Matthew 28:20

Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world (aión). Amen.

GRK: συντελείας τοῦ αἰῶνος
NAS: even to the end of the age.
KJV: the end of the world. Amen.
INT: completion of the age

Mark 4:19

And the cares of this world (aión), and the deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of other things entering in, choke the word, and it becometh unfruitful.

GRK: μέριμναι τοῦ αἰῶνος καὶ ἡ
NAS: but the worries of the world, and the deceitfulness
KJV: of this world, and
INT: cares the of this life and the

Romans 12:2

And be not conformed to this world (aión): but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.

I Corinthians 1:20

Where is the wise? where is the scribe? where is the disputer of this world? Has not God made foolish the wisdom of this world?

I Corinthians 2:6-8

Howbeit we speak wisdom among them that are perfect: yet not the wisdom of this world, nor of the princes of this world, that come to nought: But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom, which God ordained before the world unto our glory: Which none of the princes of this world knew: for had they known it, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.

II Corinthians 4:4

In whom the god of this world has blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.

Galatians 1:4

Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father:

Ephesians 2:2

Wherein in time past you walked according to the course of this world (age), according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now works in the children of disobedience:

I Timothy 6:17

Charge them that are rich in this world, that they not be high-minded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who gives us richly all things to enjoy;

Titus 2:12

Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world;

In the preceding verses, “this age” is temporal, describing our current age prior to Christ’s return. All these things seem to pass away upon His return.

Scripture referring to the “age to come” only

I Corinthians 6:9-10

Know you not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.

I Corinthians 15:50

Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither does corruption inherit incorruption.

Galatians 5:21

Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.

Ephesians 5:5

For this you know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God.

I Thessalonians 2:12

That you would walk worthy of God, who has called you unto his kingdom and glory.

II Thessalonians 1:5

Which is a manifest token of the righteous judgment of God, that you may be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which you also suffer:

I Timothy 6:19

Laying up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time to come, that they may lay hold on eternal life.

II Timothy 4:18

And the Lord shall deliver me from every evil work, and will preserve me unto his heavenly kingdom: to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.

In contrast to “this age” the qualities assigned to the age to come are all eternal in nature. These references are clearly describing the future eschatological state of believers (and nonbelievers if you factor in the references to judgment).

Scripture illustrating the transition between both “this age” and “the age to come” (two ages)

Matthew 12:32

And whosoever speaks a word against the Son of Man, it shall be forgiven him: but whosoever speaks against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world (aión), neither in the world (aión) to come.

GRK: τούτῳ τῷ αἰῶνι οὔτε ἐν
NAS: in this age or
KJV: in this world, neither in
INT: this the age nor in

Matthew 13:39-40, 49

The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world (aión); and the reapers are the angels. As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world (aión).

v39 N-GMS
GRK: θερισμὸς συντέλεια αἰῶνός ἐστιν οἱ
NAS: is the end of the age; and the reapers
KJV: the end of the world; and
INT: [the] harvest [the] completion of the age is

v40 N-GMS
GRK: συντελείᾳ τοῦ αἰῶνος
NAS: so shall it be at the end of the age.
KJV: the end of this world.
INT: completion of the age

Matthew 13:49 – So shall it be at the end of the world (aión): the angels shall come forth, and sever the wicked from among the just,

GRK: συντελείᾳ τοῦ αἰῶνος ἐξελεύσονται οἱ
NAS: it will be at the end of the age; the angels
KJV: the end of the world: the angels
INT: completion of the age will go out the

Luke 18:30

Who shall not receive manifold more in this present time, and in the world (aión) to come life everlasting.

GRK: ἐν τῷ αἰῶνι τῷ ἐρχομένῳ
NAS: time and in the age to come,
KJV: and in the world to come life
INT: in the age that is coming

Luke 20:34-35

And Jesus answering said unto them, The children of this world (aión) marry, and are given in marriage: But they which shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world (aión), and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage:

v34 N-GMS
GRK: υἱοὶ τοῦ αἰῶνος τούτου γαμοῦσιν
NAS: of this age marry
KJV: The children of this world marry, and
INT: sons of the age this marry

v35 N-GMS
GRK: καταξιωθέντες τοῦ αἰῶνος ἐκείνου τυχεῖν
NAS: to attain to that age and the resurrection
KJV: that world, and
INT: having been accounted worthy to the age that to obtain

Mark 10:30

But he shall receive an hundredfold now in this time, houses, and brethren, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, with persecutions; and in the world to come eternal life.

GRK: ἐν τῷ αἰῶνι τῷ ἐρχομένῳ
NAS: along with persecutions; and in the age to come,
KJV: and in the world to come eternal
INT: in the age which is coming

Ephesians 1:21

Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:


References

Strong’s Concordance 165. BibleHub.com. Retrieved from https://biblehub.com/greek/165.htm

The Two Age Model (chart). The Riddleblog. Retrieved from http://kimriddlebarger.squarespace.com/the-two-age-model-chart/

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The Amillennial View of the Kingdom of God

The Word of God is rife with references to the kingdom of God (otherwise known as the “kingdom of heaven”), yet do Christians understand what they’re reading? Contrary to the notion that Christ will come back and set up an earthly kingdom for 1,000 years, the Bible seems to point out that the kingdom of God is an internal state of being.

The kingdom of God, in which the saints live and reign with Christ, refers to the local new Testament church on this earth. This kingdom was prophesied in Daniel and Jeremiah:

What prophecies point to the kingdom of God?

Daniel 2:44

And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever.

Jeremiah 31:31-34

“Behold, the days come, says the Lord, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:

“Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, says the Lord:

“But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, says the Lord, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.

“And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, says the Lord: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.”

When was the kingdom of God inaugurated?

So the kingdom of heaven / kingdom of God, as prophesied in Daniel, was inaugurated in New Testament times at the beginning of the ministries of Jesus Christ and John the Baptist.

Luke 16:16

Jesus said, “The law and the prophets were until John: since that time the kingdom of God is preached, and every man presses into it.”

Luke 7:29-30

“And all the people that heard him, and the publicans, justified God, being baptized with the baptism of John. But the Pharisees and lawyers rejected the counsel of God against themselves, being not baptized of him.”

They had been baptized. We then read in

Matthew 21:31-32

“Whether of them twain did the will of his father? They say unto him, The first. Jesus saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That the publicans and the harlots go into the kingdom of God before you.

“For John came unto you in the way of righteousness, and ye believed him not: but the publicans and the harlots believed him: and you, when you had seen it, repented not afterward, that ye might believe him.”

The kingdom of God is a present reality.

Matthew 4:17

“From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.”

Matthew 12:28

“But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God is come unto you.”

Mark 1:14-15

“Now after that John was put in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God, and saying, ‘The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent you, and believe the gospel.'”

Luke 22:29-30

“Per Jesus, ‘And I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my Father has appointed unto me; That you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.'”

Hebrews 1:2-3

“Has in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high:”

What is the nature of the kingdom of God?

We understand the kingdom of God as an internal event; not a physical, earthly kingdom.

Daniel 4:1-3

“Nebuchadnezzar the king to all the peoples, nations, and men of every language that live in all the earth: ‘May your peace abound! It has seemed good to me to declare the signs and wonders which the Most High God has done for me. How great are His signs and how mighty are His wonders! His kingdom is an everlasting kingdom and His dominion is from generation to generation.'”

John 3:3-12

“Jesus answered and said to him, ‘Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.’

“Nicodemus said to him, ‘How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter the second time into his mother’s womb, and be born?’

“Jesus answered, ‘Verily, verily, I say unto you, except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.'”

Luke 17:20–21

“And when he was demanded of the Pharisees, when the kingdom of God should come, he answered them and said, The kingdom of God comes not with observation: Neither shall they say, Lo here! or, lo there! for, behold, the kingdom of God is within you.”

Romans 14:17

“For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost.”

Here Paul speaks of the kingdom of God being in terms of the regenerative heart in a Christian.

Hebrews 12:28

Per Paul, “Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear:”

I Corinthians 15:50

“Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither does corruption inherit incorruption.”

How long will this millennial reign last?

Psalm 110:1

“The Lord said unto my Lord, ‘Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.'”

Psalm 8:6

“Thou made him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou hast put all things under his feet:”

I Corinthians 15:25

“For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet.”

Additional references to the kingdom of God

I Corinthians 6:9-10

“Know you not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.”

Galatians 5:21

“Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.”

Ephesians 5:5

“For this you know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God.”

I Thessalonians 2:12

“That you would walk worthy of God, who has called you unto his kingdom and glory.”

II Thessalonians 1:5

“Which is a manifest token of the righteous judgment of God, that you may be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which you also suffer:”

Recommended reading

Dunson, Ben. Jun 13, 2015. The Kingdom of God in the Old Testament: The Prophetic Hope. Ligonier Ministries. Retrieved from https://www.ligonier.org/blog/kingdom-god-old-testament-prophetic-hope/